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What Causes Embedded Teeth?
Some specialists mention evolutionary factors, referring to the changes that occurred in feeding habits and behaviors over the centuries. Among those theories, the more radical ones talk about the obsolescence of posterior teeth. That being said, the most obvious reason is usually a lack of room for normal eruption and growth. Indeed, since third molars or wisdom teeth usually come in between the late teens and early twenties, the buccal cavity is already saturated by then. This is all the more plausible when the jawbones are too narrow and the teeth crooked.
What Are the Treatment Options?
As said previously in the case of vertical impaction, some embedded teeth may not need any treatment. However, dental visits and regular monitoring remain mandatory. Indeed, only your dentist can evaluate the status and possible progression of the impaction.
One of the common techniques for embedded teeth treatment Turkey-wide is extraction surgery. In other words, the embedded tooth or teeth will be removed. It is an outpatient intervention, so you can go back home the very same day. The surgery is carried out under local anesthetic and usually takes no more than 1 hour. In most cases, the patients can get back to their normal daily activities within the same or next day. Full recovery will however require up to 10 days.
For younger patients and teeth other than the third molars, eruption aids may be used as well. These are devices (e.g., braces) that will stimulate tooth eruption. Another possibility is to extract some of the other teeth that prevent the embedded one from emerging.
Types of Tooth Impaction
Tooth impaction can happen in 4 typical ways:
– Mesial impaction. This is the most common type of impaction characterized by a partial eruption of the tooth. There is an often visible growth toward the next tooth.
– Distal impaction. This is another (but rarer) kind of angular impaction where again, the tooth may be partially or even fully grown. The difference with the previous type is that it is angled in the opposite direction, thus toward the back of the mouth.
– Horizontal impaction. This is a type that can be more challenging to treat and have negative effects on the neighboring teeth. The embedded tooth lies horizontally underneath the gum tissue and usually keeps pushing in the wrong direction.
– Vertical impaction. The tooth is positioned as it should be, that is, vertically. However, there is something obstructing the eruption. This kind of impaction may not require treatment but should anyhow be followed under dental surveillance.
Risks and Complications of Untreated Impaction
If left untreated, embedded teeth can lead to a series of problems such as:
– Tooth decay. The area where the embedded tooth sits can be too tight to be cleaned properly. Food particles and bacteria can get trapped easily and cause caries in the long run.
– Damage to the surrounding teeth. Impaction also affects the neighboring teeth by pushing against them. This can damage and even loosen them, along with risks of infection.
– Gum diseases. Embedded teeth exert a quasi-constant pressure on the gum tissue. They can affect normal blood circulation. Not to mention obstacles to proper cleaning. As a consequence, gums may develop different kinds of inflammation (e.g., pericoronitis).
– Cysts. Excess fluid or pus may appear within the sac where the embedded tooth sits. Cysts and even tumors may develop as a reaction to that abnormal activity.
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FAQs about Embedded Teeth
1- I don’t have any problems with my wisdom teeth. Should I have them removed anyway?
The answer may vary from one individual to the other. Indeed, there are various kinds of interventions that differ in length, scope, and complexity. Some may require a single session whereas others can take a few more. Your dental professional will inform you about your personal situation before the treatment.
2- My embedded tooth has just been extracted. Are there any precautions I should take?
Blood clots will form in the empty socket as a part of the normal healing process. So in order not to obstruct their recovery, you should avoid hot beverages, smoking, rinsing, and spitting for the next 24 hours. Please also follow your dentist’s particular recommendations.
3- Is wisdom tooth extraction painful?
The treatment will be conducted under local anesthetic, so you should not feel anything much. After the extraction, your dentist may prescribe pain relievers to ease the post-treatment aches and even antibiotics in some cases.